As stated at the beginning

As stated at the beginning It is believed that air pollution is the main cause of around 48,000 deaths each year in France, with more than 47 million French people exposed to a level of air pollution particles that WHO considers unsafe. France has been exposed to legal action from Brussels for not addressing air pollution. Paris, which recently implemented a series of measures to improve air quality, such as car-free days, has recently been called by the European Commission to overcome safe levels of air pollution. And as expected, activists have taken to the streets to be heard, putting masks on different statues around France. These protests met with a deadline for France to present a plan to rectify its shortcomings in air quality to the European Commission. France Nature Environment, ANV-COP 21, the Federation of Bicycle Users and Greenpeace, were among the environmental groups, who in a joint declaration called for a clean air transport policy.

And these kinds of things make you think, can these problems be for economic purposes?

Well, not in part, France and especially its capital, Paris, have been the places most affected by the high levels of air pollution in recent years, and the cost of the problem was evident in a report by the Senate, in 2015. This report found that the annual cost of air pollution was € 101,300 million per year, and with a large majority of that amount going to medical care. Problems such as around 42,000 premature deaths per year in France, are attributed to the high levels of air pollution in France, according to the World Health Organization, this if we add the increase in the number of cancer victims and asthmatics and allergic The aforementioned report reports that, an estimate of the annual cost of treatment for people with the aforementioned diseases, together with the losses of an absenteeism, gives an estimated 650,000 work days, is between € 68 billion and € 97 thousand million. The editors of this report reported that diesel cars are one of the main causes of pollution, which suggests that the best way to address the problem is to increase taxes on these vehicles. Diesel cars release high levels of nitrogen oxide and fine particles, which can measure less than 2.5 microns in diameter and can penetrate deep into the lungs and blood system and can cause cancer. This report also pointed out as possible regulation to a five percent increase in the use of pesticides, which between 2009 and 2013 was a major contributor to the dirty air of the country.

Although efforts made in the past to combat pollution are known, resulting in a reduction in France’s smog levels, especially in industrial areas, sources such as land transport and heating systems have made the problem more diffuse and present in higher levels in the indoor air than before. A large catalog of fiscal policies is presented in the report, policies that promote the use of cleaner technologies, and measures to supplement incomplete or inefficient regulations that already exist. Pollution in the air is not a simple disease, with a capital that at one time was classified as the most polluted in the world, has been moved to prohibit certain trucks and buses from the city center if they are considered polluting. moved to prohibit certain trucks and buses from downtown if they are considered polluting. The actions have been good, but more is needed to eradicate this problem, and this starts in humans, we must educate others, we must understand that not only live money, if not land, and if you do not manage to do enough thinking to solve these problems, there will be no safe place to breathe, and live …

References

Rfi, R.F.I. (13-03-2014). Paris promises free public transport if high pollution continues by RFI. Retrieved 9 May, 2018, from http://en.rfi.fr/environment/20140313-paris-public-transport-free-highest-air-pollution-alert

Santepubliquefrancefr. (2018, 21 | 06 | 2016). Santé publique France – Impacts sanitaires de la pollution de l’air en France: nouvelles données et perspectives. [Weblog]. Retrieved 9 May 2018, from http://www.santepubliquefrance.fr/Accueil-Presse/Tous-les-communiques/Impacts-sanitaires-de-la-pollution-de-l-air-en-France-nouvelles-donnees-et-perspectives

Thelocalfr. (2018, 19 February 2018). Smog Monday: Paris air pollution levels to hit dangerous high. [Weblog]. Retrieved 9 May 2018, from  https://www.thelocal.fr/20180219/smog-monday-paris-air-pollution-levels-to-hit-dangerous-high

 

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For years in France,

 There has been awareness of the levels of pollution in the air, curious as it sounds, Paris is not the worst place in terms of pollution levels. Studies done by the group Robin des Bois, who fight against pollution, found that Marseille had the highest levels of air pollution in the country. They obtained a 31.8μg / m3 concentration of fine particles, Marseille was in a worse situation than Lyon at 29.5μg / m3 and Paris at 27μg / m3. These cities have pollution levels that exceed the World Health Organization’s (WHO) recommended safe level. The high levels of pollution in Marseille, despite its geographic positioning on the coast, this city has two major highways and a large cruise terminal, areas which have a great contribution to low air quality.

Lyon had the largest number of polluted sites with 68. These included three Seveso sites. Meanwhile Marseille only obtained 50 sites labeled as “sensitive or contaminated”, by the same study, including two Seveso sites, while Paris did not have any. Meanwhile in Paris, driving bans have been implemented when smog levels reached very high numbers, and these bans are now set to be rolled out “whenever the region and city demand authorities”, health officials said in November. France has already received final warnings from the EU, who have told France that they should increase their controls on pollution caused by smog, and if they do not do so, there is a risk of it being sent to the European top court. The intense smog has engulfed much of Europe this winter, triggering emergency measures in several major cities, including London, Paris and Berlin.

And France has not been the only country, it was one of the five EU countries to receive a “final warning” from the EU. The European Commission has sent these warnings Germany, France, Spain, Italy and the United Kingdom, to these not having paid attention to the repeated infractions of atmospheric pollution limits for nitrogen dioxide, according to the European Commission. The European Commission said it urged countries to “take measures to ensure good air quality and safeguard public health.” There are rules to control air pollution, and in case one of the EU countries did not comply with them, there would be great financial sanctions by the commission.

These persistently high levels of pollution and excess carbon dioxide gave way to 70,000 premature deaths in Europe in 2013. As an initiative to high levels of pollution, Paris launched a system of labels, which aimed to prevent the most polluting vehicles from being on the roads when air pollution is the worst.

But we can have doubts as to where to visit, live, or etc.

Nice is a city known for its beautiful beaches, and a Mediterranean style, which this year won a prize that would make it one of the least desirable places to live in terms of health, it has been said that it is the city of France with the worst air quality, according to a new study that measured air quality in cities over the past year. Well, during the last year, the quality of the air in Nice was very bad for an approximate of 67 days, this means, that this air quality was so bad for at least two months of a year. There are reasons for this poor quality of air, such as the fact that the city is located on a narrow coastal strip which is densely populated and has a lot of traffic and long periods of sunshine. Apart from Nice there are more cities with high levels of pollution, such as, Avignon (60 days), Marseille (57 days) and Aix-en-Provence (54 days), curiously all in the country’s south. Unfortunately, Nice has two main factors which affect it directly, it is very sunny and its geography, with a dense population and traffic in a very narrow coastal strip ( urgence dentaire ). “In Nice, the pollution levels collected are never very low,” added Perón. “But they are never very high either thanks to the sea winds that hit the city.”

In a different survey on air quality carried out in 2016, Marseille won the first place as the most polluted air place in France, followed by Lyon and Paris. The World Health Organization, thanks to a study carried out in 2016, was able to discover that the Pantin suburb, located in Paris, separated from the city by the always obstructed peripheral ring, was the place in France with the worst air quality. If you are looking for a clean air when visiting France, or moving, the ideal would be to go to the smaller areas of France, with fewer people, less traffic and less industrial activity. The main destinations according to the L’Express study are Cherbourg opposite the windy coast of Normandy and Limoges, Périgueux and Roanne in the center of France, which registered less than 5 days of dirty air in a year in the Express ranking.

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Air pollution in France

It is not a secret that air pollution is a problem of our day to day, and it is also in many parts of large cities in France, but we can go further in this problematic, air pollution is responsible for killing around of 48,000 people in previous years to 2016, according to a study done by France’s national health agency, or it could be represented as the 9 percent of the total number of people who die each year.

What was this study about?

This was focused on studying the PM2.5 particles, these particles can have a measurement around 2.5 micrometers, and apart from this it is known that they are responsible for causing respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. Their small size helps them to invade even the smallest respiratory tracts of the human body. The risk is high in cities such as Paris, and the problem can reach rural areas:

The life expectancy in a person of 30 years of age can be reduced to 15 months, this usually happens in urban areas with more than 100,000 people.

If we lower the number of inhabitants to 2,000-100,000 per area, a 30-years -old person life expectancy is reduced by 10 months less.

If we go to rural areas where the amount of population with 30-years-old is usually less, the damage of air pollution continues to affect, reducing inhabitants lives by 9 months.

The numbers continue to increase, as more than 47 million people are affected by higher levels of PM2.5 particles. So, if the levels recommended by the WHO were respected in the country, an approximate of 17,000 lives could be saved every year and 3,000 could be saved if particle fine pollution was at the level decided by France’s own environment conference. And to make it sound a lot better, if we manage to reduce the contaminated areas by 5 percent less 34,000 lives could be saved every year, without counting that life expectancy could be extended for 9 more months. The French authorities have taken measures, such as providing free public transport without this continuing problem on the rise:

This was one of the authorities’ ideas for Paris in 2014, they wanted to impose emergency traffic restrictions due to an unusually warm climate and also after discovering that regular exposure to lower levels is more damaging to health. There have been days in previous years when some areas of France had pollution alarms at their peak. Ile de France around Paris, northern and eastern France, Brittany, the Loire and Burgundy are areas with high degrees of the small films previously spoken, effects like little wind, sultry days, where the heat is too much, and nights too cold, are Some of those that affect these areas more frequently. The French capital is experiencing unseasonably warm weather in March, with weather forecasters saying Paris would enjoy sunny skies and an average temperature of 19°C.

Authorities must find ways that the use of your own transportation is reduced, and you get encouraged to use public transport, such as its Velib bike-share and the Autolib electric car fleet, what was free on Thursday, as would residential parking. This initiative could be considered in response to the preparation of drastic restrictions on the use of highly polluting vehicles, plus restrictions on speed limits and prohibitions of heavy vehicles in the city.

In relation to air pollution and daily exposure to it, could represent 80 percent of deaths and hospitalizations for heart problems. And the Velib bike-share and the Autolib solution was the only one, great ideas have been presented such as low contamination fuels, urban tolls, cycling and reduction of industrial emissions to increase life expectancy and reduce severe cases of asthma, respiratory and cardiac diseases and premature births, which are associated with these same levels of contamination.

But the best solution would be to raise awareness among the population, because the studies are aimed, as it is already known that the main source of air pollution is caused by humans themselves, and it comes in the form of industry, agriculture, transport, and heating. There are few things that are deadlier than air pollution in France, like tobacco at 78,000 deaths a year, and alcohol at 49,000 deaths a year, only a fraction more than the 48,000 related to air pollution.

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